They found that when plastic was in contact with coral, the chance that it also showed signs of disease increased by a factor of more than 20 compared to coral that was plastic-free. Polyvinyl chloride (PVC) - a very common plastic used in children's toys, building materials like pipes, and many other products - have been found carrying a family of bacteria called Rhodobacterales, which are associated with a suite of coral diseases.
"Plastics make ideal vessels for colonizing microscopic organisms that could trigger disease if they come into contact with corals", Lamb said.
"Our work shows that plastic pollution is killing corals". A 2017 study found that 83% of tap water samples taken around the world contained plastic pollutants.
The scientists estimated that about 11.1 billion plastic items are entangled on reefs throughout the Asia-Pacific region, and without action this could increase to over 15 billion by 2025.
The study, which was led by Joleah Lamb of Cornell University, is the culmination of years of surveying dozens and dozens of coral reefs.
Trash may damage the tiny coral animals that build reefs, making them more vulnerable to illness. Thanks to the symbiotic relationship between corals and their solar-powered algae, "this miracle of construction creates the foundation for the greatest biodiversity in our oceans", she said. Previous research has indicated that this may be because plastic debris can cause stress to coral by depriving it of light and oxygen, while providing a gateway for pathogens. And their survey did not include China, one of the biggest sources of plastic pollution.
"What's troubling is that once the coral tissue loss occurs, it's not coming back..." "It's like getting gangrene on your foot and there is nothing you can do to stop it from affecting your whole body".
Coral reefs are under assault by a growing threat: tons of floating plastic dumped into oceans by humans.
This bleached states can last for up to six weeks, and while corals can recover if the temperature drops and the algae return, severely bleached corals die, and become covered by algae.
How can plastic waste cause disease? This has potentially dire implications for the numerous marine species that shelter under or within these corals, and in turn the fisheries that depend on them.
Matthew Savoca, a marine scientist at the the University of California, Davis, who studies the effects of plastic in the ocean, suggests that ocean waters with lots of plastic waste might also carry other pollutants that could also be contributing to higher rates of coral disease.
It was funded by The Nature Conservancy, the Australia Institute of Marine Science, the U.S. National Research Council, the Global Environment Facility, the World Bank, U.S. National Oceanic and Atmospheric Administration, the Australian Research Council, the Environmental Defense Fund and Cornell University.
Hugh Masekela, South African Jazz Musician, Dies at 78
Masekela returned to South Africa in 1990 after Mandela was freed and the ban on the African National Congress party was lifted. In the early 1980s, he moved to Botswana to start a mobile recording studio and school for African musicians.
As many as 21 players have ended up being unsold, including the likes of Murali Vijay , James Faulkner , Chris Gayle among others. As part of the nomination process, each player must elect a base price, which is effectively a minimum starting bid.
The process requires several taps, and Bloomberg says the new camera product will address this by reducing the number of steps. In the past, she has praised the Snapchat app calling it "very modern" and admitting that Twitter can be "confusing".
The DOJ has turned over hundreds of pages of text messages totaling more than 50,000 text messages between Strzok and Page. The missing messages have caused problems for the Department of Justice Office of Inspector General.
The women's ice hockey squad will include 12 players and one official from North Korea alongside 23 South Korean players. Meanwhile, state media in North Korea has published a rare call for unification, but the statement also makes a demand.
Even Palm Beach, Florida, home to Mr Trump's Mar-a-Lago estate, saw several hundred people assemble bearing anti-Trump placards. Natalie Portman says male sexualisation as a teenager made her rethink which films to work on.
Meanwhile, the USA dollar traded at 0.8043 euro , down 0.0063 euro; gold was up US$13.72 to US$1,363.43 per ounce as at 1.03pm. The loonie jumped almost three-quarters of a cent Wednesday, punching above the 81-cent mark, following comments by the U.S.
Coast Guard, Jacksonville Sheriff's Department, FBI, and Bahamian law enforcement are now assisting in the investigation. One woman died after falling over the balcony to another deck, and the second woman fell overboard and is missing.
The Senate confirmed Alex Azar on Wednesday as the next Department of Health and Human Services secretary. Andy Harris, a Baltimore County Republican who represents the Eastern Shore said in a statement.
Kuo believes Apple will move to mitigate concerns about the unusable screen area by debuting a redesigned " iPhone X Plus " model. There are numerous reports coming out out from financial analysts arguing that iPhone X demand is "soft" or below expectations.
SCOTUS Grants Madison Stay of Execution
Before his execution was stayed, Madison had two oranges for his last meal and did not made any statements, officials said. A law enacted in Alabama past year eliminates the ability of judges to override juries' recommendations in capital cases.
Trump able to apologise for far-right video retweets
He said he had made the retweets because he was concerned about the threat posed by radical Islamic extremists. And so you're asking me a question that I'm supposed to be talking about people that I know nothing about".
Trump casts doubt on Mid-East peace talks
Before leaving for Davos on Tuesday, Netanyahu stated that "it was a great honor to host Vice President Mike Pence in Israel ". Palestinian leader Mahmoud Abbas instead flew to Europe to meet with European Union leaders in Europe in an apparent snub.
Myanmar readies for returning Rohingyas
The government on Wednesday unveiled to the media, including NHK, a pre-fab immigration facility near its border with Bangladesh. It was not possible to independently verify the accounts as Myanmar has heavily restricted access to the area.
Sanchez's move to Man U was for money, Wenger declares
Mkhitaryan has been a marginal figure at United in recent months, with Jesse Lingard starting ahead of him behind Lukaku. Mino Raiola, the famed agent who represents both players, helped orchestrate the blockbuster transaction.
Snapchat now allows sharing on other social media
Even more annoying is the fact that the new design forces users to tap a preview of the next person's Story before it is shown. This merger would permit users to share their stories on the applications like Twitter and Facebook .
Rush hour commuters injured as Sydney train crashes into buffers
Fifteen people are injured - three seriously - following a collision near Sydney which left some passengers trapped in a carriage. A passenger train hit a barrier at Richmond Station after it failed to break on Monday morning, leaving about 16 people injured.